The Exsulin company is hoping to start Phase-I human trials in June 2009 (so right soon now). They are testing a new formulation of INGAP called Exsulin, a drug designed to regrow beta cells in the pancreas.
Their Phase-I clinical trial is small, short, and open to people who have had type-1 diabetes for more than 2 years, so we should have some results soon. It is a three group design. One group gets nothing, one gets a full dose, the other gets a half dose. They are checking for all the right stuff: C-peptide, fasting glucagon, fasting glucose, total daily insulin dose, and HbA1c. They are using two sites Montreal and Rochester.
This is described on their web site:
INGAP (now renamed Exsulin) has a 12 year history of research. NOD mice trials worked well, but human trials didn't show much success (sound familiar?) The phase-I study is described here: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00034255. The phase-II study is described here: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00071409. It was funded by Proctor and Gamble but the results were not good enough to move forward.
The original developers of INGAP got back rights to it after P&G didn't like the phase-II results. Their analysis of the results convinced them that INGAP was helping grow new beta cells, but that those new cells were being killed off too quickly to help the patient. (Maybe because of the body's immune system, or maybe because of inflammation, or maybe for some other reason.) So it is natural for them to pair Exsulin with another drug to treat the other problem, and see if both together can cure type-1 diabetes. But the research they are starting now is just Exsulin, not paired with anything.